Principles and methodology

A public evaluation service

The methodology chosen by Hcéres for the evaluation of research entities is based on the following key principles:

  • a qualitative evaluation carried out by peers in a collegial manner;
  • an evaluation which, by applying specific criteria, takes into account the multiplicity of missions, the diversity of research and, where applicable, the complexity of its multidisciplinary dimension;
  • an evaluation which is based on observable facts and the assessment of their value for each criterion.

First and foremost, the evaluation gives the staff of the evaluated entities a better understanding of the outcomes of their missions, and it indicates their positioning in their regional, national and international environment. It also provides higher education institutions and research bodies with information to facilitate the management of research. Lastly, the evaluation provides information for the general public about research entities in France.

Compliance with international standards

Research entities are evaluated by panels of experts who are “peers” of the evaluated entities. These panels include a representative of the research support staff. They also include experts working for national evaluation bodies other than Hcéres (CNU, CoNRS, etc.). Before joining the panel, these experts sign a preliminary declaration of interest and a confidentiality agreement.

The evaluation complies with the principles of independence, collegiality, transparency and fair treatment. It seeks to avoid conflicts of interest and to comply with the ethical principles that guarantee the impartiality of the evaluation. It includes a joint consultation phase in which the evaluated entities can express their opinions concerning the evaluation.