Research is the first phase in developing our knowledge and understanding of the world we live in. It is based on:
- a process of observation, experimentation and reflection
- a scientific method of which the main key principles, whatever the disciplinary field, ensure the reliability of the results.
Sharing, contradicting and debating research results on a shared theoretical basis is an integral part of the development of knowledge. This sharing requires the utmost rigour in collecting data and constructing knowledge. It is research integrity that enables us to make the distinction between proven knowledge, a working hypothesis or even an opinion.
Research integrity raises issues of cohesion and of trust:
- of society toward scientific research. This trust is crucial at a time when the major challenges facing our planet are making a robust understanding of the world of particularly critical importance. In addition, new technologies are constantly accelerating the sharing and dissemination of information, whether proven or not.
- between research groups themselves.
Research integrity is a fundamentally positive value on a par with research ethics. Promoting integrity is more essential than ever before. It is by ensuring compliance that the quality and credibility of research can be guaranteed.
A clear distinction must be made between research integrity, meaning the rules that govern research practices, and research ethics, which address more broadly the major questions raised by scientific progress and its repercussions for society
Pierre Corvol, Honorary Professor at the Collège de France